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First Published:  March 2004
Revised (substantive):  1 June 2021

Composite illustration casting Margaret Cavendish as MAD MADGE. Portrait of Margaret Cavendish, engraved by Peter van Schuppen after Abraham van Diepenbeeck, ca. 1655, is juxtaposed with a graphic presentation of quote from a 1691 issue of _The Athenian Mercury_ (a popular science journal for women), which makes an oblique reference to Mad Madge.

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[ Click/tap here to open a second-window aside with complete text of the Athenian Mercury quote — including the first printed reference to “mad Madge of Newcastle.” ]

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